One of the toughest parts of telling a patient that he or she is developing age-related macular degeneration is informing the patient  that, currently, little can be done to help. Of course, recent studies of nutritional supplements have offered some hope, and those studies continue to proliferate—albeit with sometimes contradictory results. (Among the recent entries: Data from the Carotenoids in Age- Related Eye Disease study suggests that high concentrations of vitamin D may protect against early macular degeneration in women younger than 75 years of age, although it may increase the odds of developing the disease in women older than 75.1 And a recent multi-year study of 38,022 women without any diagnosis of macular degeneration at the outset found evidence that regular  consumption of docosahexaenoic acid, eicosapentaenoic acid and fi sh was associated with a significantly decreased risk of incident macular degeneration during the 10-year follow-up period.2) Unfortunately, these studies are largely focused on prevention.

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